Every quality instrument is tuned to a reference frequency. The international standard reference for music instruments is A = 440 Hz. This means that all instruments that are tuned to this reference will play in tune together.
But a flute can be tuned to any other reference also. 432 Hz is an alternative tuning, said to be more in balance with the earth and the human body. References like 440 Hz are said to be out of balance or in disharmony with nature.
432 Hz is therefore widely used in music healing & therapy, shamanism, and meditation/yogic practices. So if any of these practices is what you're using your Native American Flute for, then 432 Hz is probably your best choice. If you want to dive deeper into 432 Hz tuning, I recommend reading my page on Native American Flutes in 432 Hz.
Yes you can. Normally Native American flutes are tuned to play a simple minor pentatonic scale with 5 notes. Prana flutes have this basic pentatonic tuning, but are also tuned to western chromatic notes with cross-finger positions that have 12 notes. Thanks to these added notes you will be able to play an unlimited variety of music, styles and scales on them. You can read more about my professional tuning or take a look at the fingering charts for each different key.
The "block", "fetish" or "totem" is an essential part of any Native American Flute. Aesthetically it can be anything, but underneath it lies the sound mechanism that creates the typical Native American sound. It exists of a plug seperating two different air chambers, on top of which lies a very precise and shallow track. The air passes through this track after which it is blown onto a sharp edge and split into the sound chamber, vibrating and creating the sound.
If this is the case, there might be one of the following easy-to-fix issues:
1) The "track" has filled with moisture because of playing for too long
If you played for a long time, the sound of your flute will start to get weaker, until starts choking. This is normal for Native American Flutes. The reason behind it is moisture build-up in the "track" of your flute, the part just underneath the decorative block, that will obstruct the airflow. The best thing you should do is let your flute rest for a while. The track will automatically dry out and it will play as new. Never put your flute next to a heating source for drying as this can damage the flute by drying it out completely.
2) The "totem" is in the wrong position
The "Block" or "Totem" is an essential part of your Native American Flute, and also crucial is its position. If it's in the wrong place, it will make your flute difficult to play and it will sound "wrong". The end of the block should line up perfect with the rectangular sound hole in the flute itself, and the two horizontal "feet" parallel with it, just like in the following image:
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